ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE - Mr. Nolan 2009-2010

Welcome to Teacher Notes. I hope this helps you, but keep in mind that instructions I provide in class may be more accurate than what I have posted here.

All my best,

-JN-

 

In my opinion, this link takes you to the best website for information on global climate change, the #1 topic for this class. http://climateprogress.org/

 

UNIT 2 - CLIMATE CHANGE CAUSES AND FORECASTS

Action Projects due 12/23

Exam and Packet Questions Due Thursday 10/15

 

UNIT 1 - FACTORS THAT DETERMINE CLIMATE

Exam and Packet Questions Due Wednesday 9/16

 

Links to notes and websites for a powerhouse introduction to climate change and the solutions:

HO-introGW impactsRommMarch2009.doc

HO-Notesfor CPBio Climate Change part 1 GHGs and population.doc

HO-Notesfor CPBio Climate Change part 2 geologic & predictions Sept 27 2009.doc

 

Overwhelming agreement across all major scientific organizations that human-caused climate change is a critical issue:

http://climateprogress.org/2009/10/21/18-leading-scientific-organizations-send-letter-to-senators-affirming-the-climate-is-changing-human-activities-are-the-primary-driver-impacts-are-projected-to-worsen-substantially-and-if-w/

 

Solutions to limit Climate Change: http://climateprogress.org/2008/10/22/an-introduction-to-the-core-climate-solutions/

 

And the solutions are a low cost for a high benefit: http://climateprogress.org/2009/03/30/global-warming-economics-low-cost-high-benefit/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IGNORE EVERYTHING BELOW HERE

Spring 2009

6/11 Water Resources Exam

Climate Change Research -Special Topics Draft due Friday 4/24. Links below may help.

Climate Change Exam 4/2. Hand in completed review packet.

Livermore Labs 2300 Article Split Notes due 3/13 (classwork)

No HW - Hadley Center Climate Article due by 3/2 if not done in class.

 

Climate Change links:

http://climateprogress.org/ - Outstanding blog. Won award from American Association for the Advancement of Science and from Time magazine.

 

Climate Change Research Links from Climate Progress:

An introduction to global warming impacts: Hell and High Water (excellent!)

 

An introduction to the core climate solutions (follow internal links)

 

Is 450 ppm (or less) politically possible? Part 0: The alternative is humanity’s self-destruction  

Is 450 ppm (or less) politically possible? Part 1

Is 450 ppm (or less) politically possible? Part 2: The Solution

 

 

Our global economic and environmental ponzi scheme: 

From NY Time Editorial http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/08/opinion/08friedman.html?_r=2

And from Joe Romm in detail: http://climateprogress.org/2009/03/08/ponzi-scheme-madoff-friedman-natural-capital-renewable-resources/

 

Take Action:

The EPA is accepting comments on the clean car standards until Monday, April 6. Please write to them today and urge them to support states’ rights to reduce global warming pollution from automobiles.

https://secure3.convio.net/ucs/site/Advocacy?cmd=display&page=UserAction&id=1919&s_src=wac&s_subsrc=website

 

 

IGNORE MATERIAL BELOW

 

 

LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS               NAMES: __________________________________

ASSIGNMENT – Complete a life cycle analysis for a product using the guidelines below.

PRODUCT -                                                            

 

MATERIALS EXTRACTION –

·        Identify main components that make up the product. For each, identify what raw materials are required, and explain how those raw materials are extracted from the Earth.

·        Identify what energy is used or what waste may be generated during extraction.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

·        Approximately how many miles are raw materials shipped from the point of extraction to the point of processing and then the point of manufacture? (Across country is 3,000 miles, NJ to China is 7,000 miles, NJ to Texas is 1,500 miles, NJ to Venezuela is 2,500 miles, NJ to Saudi Arabia is 7,000 miles)

 

 

 

 

 

MATERIALS PROCESSING & MANUFACTURING –

·        How are the raw materials processed to make the key components? (ex. Oil is extruded into plastic at high temperature with many chemical additives. The sheet plastic is shipped to the manufacturing plant. There is heated and poured into a mold…)

·        Identify what energy is used or what waste may be generated during extraction.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PACKAGING & TRANSPORTATION –

·        How is the product packaged for sale? What materials are used and what raw materials are required?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

·        How is it transported from the manufacturing plant to the final user (typically there are multiple steps)? Approximately how many does it travel from the manufacturing plant to the final user?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USEFUL LIFE –

·        How is the product used?

 

 

 

 

 

 

·        Explain energy or maintenance requirements for use?

 

 

 

 

 

 

·        What is the average product life span?

 

 


DISPOSAL OR RECYCLING

·        What happens to the product at the end of its useful life?

 

 

 

 

·        What can be reused? For how long?

 

 

 

 

 

·        What can be recycled? How?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

·        What gets disposed in landfills? What hazardous materials may be entering groundwater and run-off water as a result??

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ALTERNATIVES-

What are better options to the purpose of this product? Why are these options better?


PRODUCTS AND REFERENCES FOR LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS

 

Whiteboard Marker

http://www.howproductsimpact.net/

 

Cellular Phone

http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/education/pdfs/life-cell.pdf

http://www.enviroliteracy.org/article.php/1119.html

 

Cotton Shirt

http://www.nrel.gov/lci/assessments.html

http://www.ecotextile.com/headline_details.php?id=759

 

Sneakers

http://www.nikebiz.com/responsibility/considered_design/environmentally_preferred.html

 

Plastics

http://www.americanchemistry.com/s_plastics/doc.asp?CID=1571&DID=5972

 

CD/DVD

http://www.epa.gov/osw/education/pdfs/finalposter.pdf

 

Paper vs. plastic bags

http://sfenvironment.org/downloads/library/asticlifecycleanalysis.pdf.pdf

 

Paperboard box (aka cardboard box)

http://www.howproductsimpact.net/box/

 

Plastic products

http://www.americanchemistry.com/s_plastics/doc.asp?CID=1571&DID=5972

 

 

 

Environmental Science Spring 2008

Global Warming Exam Wed April 9

Wed 1/9 Mini Test on Factors that Determine Climate

GLOBAL WARMING RESEARCH LINKS

Greenhouse Effect Described:

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/thermo/grnhse.html

http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/climate/greenhouse_effect_gases.html (excellent detail!)

 

Q) How do greenhouse gases cause global warming?

Same sites as above.

 

Q) What were conditions when the global climate was 9°F colder than present?

http://yosemite.epa.gov/oar/globalwarming.nsf/UniqueKeyLookup/SHSU5BUN59/$File/gw_faq.pdf (see page 4)

 

Q) Describe historic temperature and carbon dioxide changes over the last…

http://www.whrc.org/resources/online_publications/warming_earth/scientific_evidence.htm

 

http://maps.grida.no/go/graphic/historical-trends-in-carbon-dioxide-concentrations-and-temperature-on-a-geological-and-recent-time-scale

 

Feedback Loops

Warming à Evaporation à more water vapor:

http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/earth/climate/warming_clouds_albedo_feedback.html

 

Ice Melting:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/6171053.stm

http://www.worldwatch.org/node/1673

Great article. Feedback found in 10th paragraph “The disappearance of Earth's ice cover would significantly alter the global climate…)

 

Drought & Forest Loss:

http://www.unep.org/ourplanet/imgversn/96/gold.html

http://www.nwf.org/nationalwildlife/article.cfm?issueID=109&articleID=1365

 

Warming à melting permafrost  à more methane release:

http://www.celsias.com/2007/09/18/feedback-loops-melting-permafrost/

 

Which nations produce the most greenhouse gases?

http://rainforests.mongabay.com/09-carbon_emissions.htm

 

Population Growth

Summarize rates of human population growth http://www.un.org/News/briefings/docs/2005/Brfg_on_Population_050224.doc.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_population

Causes of Population Growth:

http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1998/7/98.07.02.x.html

Implications of population growth:

http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1998/7/98.07.02.x.html

·        see “Consequences” 1st and last paragraphs in above link, plus text on handout,

 

 Great Overall Site (Much from An Inconvenient Truth): http://staffwww.fullcoll.edu/tmorris/an_inconvenient_truth/an_inconvenient_truth.htm

  STOP 

2007 GLOBAL WARMING RESEARCH SOURCES

Wikipedia (I reviewed for accuracy): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_warming

Time Magazine Special Report on Global Warming: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/0,9263,7601060403,00.html

Time Magazine Global Warming Magazine Survival Guide: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/0,9263,7601070409,00.html

Natural Resources Defense Council: http://www.nrdc.org/globalWarming/default.asp

Union of Concerned Scientists: http://www.ucsusa.org/global_warming/

UCS Report of Climate Change in New Jersey: http://www.climatechoices.org/assets/documents/climatechoices/new-jersey_necia.pdf

Environmental Defense: http://www.environmentaldefense.org/page.cfm?tagID=65

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (federal agency) http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/

Projections: http://www.usatoday.com/weather/climate/2007-01-25-ipcc-report-details_x.htm

Projections: http://www.greenfacts.org/en/climate-change-ar4/l-3/3-climate-future-projections.htm

2100 Projection http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/6322083.stm

United Nations Environmental Programme

Public Information links: http://www.unep.org/themes/climatechange/Public_information/index.asp

Energy Policy at UN Climate Conference in Bali 12/07:  http://www.worldwatch.org/system/files/WW_Bali_factsheet_final.pdf

US dilutes and signs UN at Bali http://www.worldwatch.org/node/5549

U.S. Emissions Reductions May Be Cheaper Than Thought: http://www.worldwatch.org/node/5522

ExxonMobil Gave Millions to Climate Skeptics, Report Says: http://www.worldwatch.org/node/4826

Full Report Union of Concerned Scientists Report on Exxon Mobil funding skeptics: http://www.ucsusa.org/assets/documents/global_warming/exxon_report.pdf

Global Warming Potential (GWP) of specific gases: http://www.epa.gov/highgwp/scientific.html